The climate is hot and humid during the day and the nights a temperate climate with small wind breezes refreshing.
Machu Picchu was built around 1460, at the height of the Inca Empire. It was abandoned about 100 years. It is likely that most of its inhabitants were wiped out by smallpox before the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the area and there is no record of their having known of the remote city.
Hiram Bingham along several others, were originally hypothesized that the citadel of machu picchu was the birthplace of the Incas and the “Virgins of the Sun”. Another theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca “llacta”, a settlement built to control the economy of these conquered regions. Yet another asserts that it may have been built as a prison for a select few who had committed heinous crimes against Inca society. Research by scholars such as John Rowe and Richard Burger, has convinced most archaeologists that rather than a defensive retreat, Machu Picchu was an estate of the Inca emperor, Pachacuteq.
In addition, Johan Reinhard presented evidence that the site was selected because of its position relative to sacred landscape features such as its mountains, which are purported to be in alignment with key astronomical events that have been important to the Incas.
Machu Picchu is considered both a masterpiece of architecture and engineering. Its unique architectural and landscape features, and the veil of mystery that has woven around much of the literature published on the site, we have become one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.
Machu Picchu is on the list of World Heritage of UNESCO since 1983, as part of a whole cultural and ecological known as the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
“Aguas Calientes” also called “People of Machu Picchu” is a small town located at the foot of the citadel of Machu Picchu, you can appreciate the beauty of the place, visit the hot springs, which consists of 5 pools, where you can relax and have a nice time.
Shopping find all kinds of handmade accessories, paintings, clothes, or visit the restaurants, cafes, pubs to have fun at night.
Definitely “Aguas Calientes” is a lovely place you can not miss, small but very comfortable with a pleasant climate.
On July 24, 1911 Professor Hiram Bingham made public for the world the Quechua citadel of Machu Picchu, one of the most significant archaeological finds in the history of the Americas.
Now, 100 years later Peru is preparing for the centennial celebration of Machu Picchu, one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Join us this July as the world’s attention focuses on one the most magnificent intact ancient cultures remaining in the world. The Inca’s left many more achievements for us to marvel at such as Ollantaytambo, Tipon, Sacsayhuaman, Pisaq and all the other unbelievable sites in the Sacred and South Valleys and in and around Cusco
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