History of Inti Raymi
The History of the Inti Raymi from the Inca times until nowadays.
The history Inti Raymi in the time of the incas, this ceremony was held in the Plaza Huacaypata (today Main Square of Cusco), with the assistance of the entire population, perhaps a hundred thousand people. With the arrival of the Spaniards, it was suppressed.
In the winter solstice happens the shortest day and the longest night of the year. During the Inca period, this fact was of fundamental importance, since it was the starting point of the New Year, which was associated with the origins of the Inca ethnicity itself. Garcilaso de la Vega tells us that this was the main feast and that “The Curacas, masters of vassals, of the whole empire attended with their greatest galas and inventions that could have.”
Therefore, it was also a festival with a high political content because it legitimized the subjection of the peoples subjected to the Inca state. Thus, the representatives of the conquered peoples reiterated their loyalty to the emperor. The preparation of the festival was strict, for in the previous three days one could not eat but a little white corn, raw, and a few herbs that are called chuck and pure water. In all this time they did not light fire in the whole city and they abstained from sleeping with their women. “For the ceremony itself, the virgins of the Sun prepared corn rolls.
On that day, the king and his relatives waited barefoot for the sunrise in the square. Squatting, arms open and kissing the air, they received the star king. Then the Inca, with two wooden glasses, toasted chicha de jora; from the glass he kept in his left hand his relatives drank; the one on the right was poured and poured into a pot of gold.
Afterwards all went to the Coricancha and worshiped the Sun. The curacas handed over the offerings they had brought from their lands and then the cortege returned to the square, where the massive sacrifice of the cattle was made before the new fire that was lit using the bracelet as a mirror Of the main priest. The meat of the animals was distributed among all those present, as well as a large amount of chicha, with which the celebrations continued during the following days.
In a privileged place of the sacred capital, the Inca Pachakuteq ordered to construct the Corikancha, a lavish temple.
In time immemorial, traces of the presence of man in the location of the present city, where the Great Incan Civilization arose, expanded and flourished magnificent traces the presence of the man; The capital was conceived in the form of a puma, feline considered as one of its tutelary deities. That is why Cusco is also known as the Puma City.
In a privileged place of the sacred capital, the Inca Pachakuteq ordered to construct the Qorikancha, a lavish temple dedicated to reverence to the Sun, god to which the Incas denominated Apu P`unchao or Apu Inti, in whose honor was consecrated the imposing celebration of the INTI RAYMI, which reaches outlines of solemnity and splendor, as described by the most important chroniclers.
Object of the holidays of the Sun
There were several reasons that led the Inca civilization to make sacrifices and offerings to the king. One was that the Inca, like the nobility of Cusco, were considered natural sons of the Sun; To him they obeyed its existence, and they had to correspond him with sacrifices and offerings. On the other hand, if the corn harvest was good, thank you and if it was bad, you had to beg for the coming year to compensate them with a good production.
- In June (winter solstice) the sun was going away, the cold was increasing, at dawn the water was frosty, so we had to ask the Sun to come back, that in the dusk the morning twilight did not continue to move north. Finally, he had to testify to the god Inti, the eternity and total surrender of his children, with submission and respect.
- More than six centuries ago, the Inca Pachakuteq instituted the Feast to the Sun god. The Cusqueños today still represent the Inti Raymi with the same fervor with which their ancestors realized it in the splendorous times of the incanate.
- The Inti Raymi, in its contemporary version, took place on June 24, 1944, when the city celebrations were instituted in memory of its millennial origin and birthplace of the Great Inca Civilization.
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